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Person in the rain test: what does it consist of?

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发表于 2022-2-4 18:55:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Person in the rain test: what does it consist of?
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п<title>Person in the rain test: what does it consist of?</title>

The Person in the rain test is one of the best known projective instruments along with other tests, such as the Rorschach test or the tree test. They are useful as complementary techniques to gather more information about the personality of a patient or a candidate in a selection test. Nevertheless, it should be noted that they are not exempt from certain criticisms.
Projective tests have always been framed within psychoanalytic theory. This undoubtedly makes it a somewhat controversial approach from a scientific point of view; in fact, interpretations can always seem somewhat subjective. However, it should be noted that this type of test has been used for several decades, hence the systematization of these tests has been improved.
The Person in the Rain test, for example, first appeared in 1924. It was the psychologist H. M. Fay who designed a test called A lady walking in the rain for children between 6 and 10 years of age to assess their psychological maturity. From then until today, the test has changed a lot, being applied to both adults and children. The most recent version is the "Person in the Rain Test" by Querol and Chaves Paz, published in 2005 and constructed from the analysis of the results obtained with more than 300 subjects.
Nowadays, they are usually administered in selection tests and also in the field of child psychology to assess different aspects of the personality of the child or adolescent. However, it should be noted that we are not dealing with standardized tests or tests aimed at offering specific diagnoses.
The Person in the rain test requires us to choose to draw a man or a woman, a still or moving figure, someone facing the rain with or without an umbrella and surrounded by a more or less adverse environment.
What information can the Person in the rain test give us? The Person in the rain test has a very simple application: just give a person a piece of paper and a pencil and ask him or her to draw, simply, what the name of the test itself enunciates: a figure in the rain. Beyond the artistic abilities of each person, there are several factors that this classic instrument tries to evaluate.
This test places the person in a situation of more or less moderate stress. It is necessary to execute a drawing in a given time, which also requires a certain inventiveness, skill and precision. However, what really matters less is the quality of the drawing itself. What matters is the symbolism, what the professional can interpret through it.
A figure in an adverse environmentThe task is to draw a figure in the rain, understanding that rain or storm as a disturbing element. Something like this forces the child or adult to capture on paper someone facing a relatively adverse circumstance. So how does he or she cope with it?
Let's remember that the test is called 'person in the rain'. Therefore, the first thing to do is to choose the protagonist of the drawing: a man, a woman, or even an animal, a tree or a flower (the latter is common among children).
Later, he/she will have to think about how he/she protects him/herself from the rain (does he/she have resources? does he/she have an umbrella, appropriate clothing? is there something that protects this figure or is he/she helpless in the middle of the weather?).
Is the figure calm, happy, courageous or frightened?
All these elements evoke, in some way, the imprint of the patient's or candidate's inner world in the selection process. It also traces their state of mind, and even their attitude in the face of difficulties.
How is this projective test applied? As we have pointed out, it is a projective instrument that is very easy to apply. To do so, some very specific steps are followed:
Before handing the sheet to perform the test, the professional should engage in a conversation with the child or adult to instill confidence and relaxation. We want the person to feel comfortable so that he/she can evoke his/her inner world, personality and mood through the drawing.
Once this trust is established, a blank sheet of paper is offered and the following instruction is given: 'draw a person in the rain'. It is also indicated that the quality of the drawing itself is not valued, this aspect is not important. There is no stipulated time, but in general, it is not advisable to exceed 15 minutes.
Once finished, we can ask the person to make another drawing of the same figure but this time without the rain factor. In this way, it is possible to make a comparison.
Sometimes, to obtain more information, the therapist asks the patient to narrate a story of the drawing. Also, if the subject does not give enough details in the story, he/she is asked: how does the person drawn feel, how is the intensity of the rain (drizzle, storm, etc.), what happened before and what happened after the drawing.
Evaluation of the Person in the Rain testAs with most projective tests, it is common for us to think that these tests have a subjective interpretation. However, these instruments have been revised over the decades and now have specific points for their evaluation, where it is also key to take into account the behavior of the person while carrying out the drawing (if he/she understands the instruction, if he/she hesitates, if he/she gets nervous, crosses out, asks for another sheet of paper, etc.).
Size is analyzed. Some people draw tiny figures under a sky of big clouds. Something that would show anxiety, shyness, insecurity. If, on the contrary, the figure is very large, it could be showing a magnified and distorted vision of oneself.
The location is observed, that is to say, the place of the sheet of paper chosen to make the drawing. The upper part is usually related to imagination and the lower part to realism. Similarly, drawing to the right side is related to confidence in the future, while drawing to the left side reflects the relationship with the past and personal conflicts that have not yet been resolved.
If there are many straight lines of strong strokes (presence of anxiety), the strokes are taken care of. Also if there are many angles, peaks, etc., which would reveal a certain aggressiveness. The analysis also takes into account whether the lines are continuous or discontinuous, which is related to the levels of security and self-confidence.
Likewise, the professional analyzes the sequence in which the drawing has been carried out, to see if there is any planning in the drawing. Has the umbrella been drawn before the rain? Or has the rain been drawn first without deciding how to protect the figure from this disturbing factor?
The movement of the figure and the emotional charge given off by the drawing itself are analyzed together with each element. There are those who draw, for example, a little man in a corner of the sheet without any resource and under the inclemency of rain and thunder.
In cases where the subject has elaborated a story, the therapist also interprets the elements of the story. In these cases, appeal is made to how the rain was conceived (torrential, drizzle, storm, no rain, etc.), the person's feelings, the general characteristics of the person or object drawn, etc.
The elements of the drawing are analyzed, such as the person's posture, clothing, the resource used to protect oneself from the rain (umbrella, raincoat, under a roof, without anything, etc.), erasures or erasures, etc.
Pencil pressure and time are also evaluated. In the first case, the therapist evaluates the pressure of the strokes on the paper (the pencil is too tight, barely touches the paper or exerts a normal pressure). As for time, the therapist evaluates how long it takes to start, to finish, to deliver, if he/she has stopped on any element of the drawing, if he/she does it too fast or if he/she executes it in an average time.
To conclude. This test yields interesting information as long as it is used together with other diagnostic tests that support the sense of the intuited diagnosis, as well as personal interviews. In the field of child psychology, the use of drawings is always a simple and motivating resource for the child to express him/herself.
These instruments, moreover, as with the Rorschach test, require adequate training to get the most out of them. They are undoubtedly interesting resources that are worth taking into account at certain times.
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